What is Data and Information? Write the differences between Data and Information.

Last updated on August 29th, 2020 at 09:47 am

Data and Information

Data

Raw materials used in a process to obtain targeted result of goal are called data. In other words, pieces of information which by itself may or may not mean something but useful when connected or used with other pieces of information to form a piece of information that means something, are called data. Data can be of two types

  1. Numeric Data
  2. Non-Numeric Data

Numeric Data

Numbers, both integer and floating point, are numeric data. Such as, 1, 2, 3, 5.5 etc. These numbers mean nothing unless they are used with other data, for example, 5 mangoes.

Non-numeric Data

Anything which is not a number is a non-numeric data, such as, a string, a photo, audio, video etc. Also, characters, symbols etc. are example of non-numeric data.

Information

Information is collection of data or processed data. The output of a process is information. Not all information has to be important but information is supposed to be easy, meaningful, correct, complete, dependable, to the point, safe and updated.

Following two figures gives an idea of data and information

What is Data and Information? Write the differences between Data and Information.

Differences Between Data and Information

Data#Information
Pieces of information used in a process to obtain resulted information.1Processed data which is meaningful, complete and useful.
Data is a unit of information.2Information is a collection of data in a useful and meaningful way.
Data can be or can’t be useful.3Information is supposed to be useful.
Data do not rely on information.4Information rely on data.
Data is never treated as information.5Information from a process can be treated as data of another process.

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