## 11 Fundamental Steps in Digital Image Processing

There are 11 fundamental steps in digital image processing (DIP) , all these steps may have sub-steps. The fundamental steps in DIP are described below with a neat block diagram.

Notes with worthy tutorials

Histogram: The histogram plots the number of pixels in the image (vertical axis) with a particular brightness value (horizontal axis). Considering the following graph, Here the vertical axis is showing the no of pixels and horizontal axis is showing the grey-levels of the image. From this histogram of that image it is found that the … Read more

Brightness: Brightness of an image is defined by the higher grey-scale values. Such as, if an image has grey-scale values like 175,200,255 etc, it can be said that brightness of the image is high. That is, the higher the grey-scale value the higher the brightness of an image. Thus brightness of an image is the … Read more

High Pass Filter: Considering the grey-scale values of a part of an image as below, Here, we have taken 9 grey scale values. It is seen that the 5th value is very different than the other 8 values, that is a big change is occurring at that point due to the big change of the … Read more

Median Filter: Median filter, as the name implies, replaces the center value of a mask with the median of all the values of the mask. Simply taking some grey-scale values of an image and taking a 3×3 mask. Now we have 9 values and the 5th value is the median. Thus, the center value of … Read more

Low Pass Filter : Considering the grey-scale values of a part of an image as below, Here, we have taken 9 grey scale values. It is seen that the 5th value is very different than the other 8 values, that is a big change is occurring at that point due to the big change of … Read more

There are 11 fundamental steps in digital image processing (DIP) , all these steps may have sub-steps. The fundamental steps in DIP are described below with a neat block diagram.

Digital Image Processing : An image which has a two dimensional function of f(x,y), where x and y are plane co-ordinates and the amplitude of f at any (x,y) is called the grey level of the image at that point. When the values of these of an image are finite, discrete quantities then the image … Read more