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What are the characteristics of C programming language?

In the 1970s, Dennis Ritchie Invented C programming language using Unix Operating system. C is being a high-level programming language. It is also called high-level structured programming language.

Read More: Write down briefly the history and importance of C language.

C language is one of the most popular computer languages today because it is a structured, high level, machine independent language. It allows software developers to develop software without worrying about the hardware platforms where they will be implemented.

Characteristics of C Language

  1. C programming language starts with a function main( ). A program may not contain more than one main( ) function. Each program will start from this function.
  2. Statements inside functions must be enclosed in second braces { } . Started parentheses must end.
  3. A semicolon (;) must be placed at the end of each statement.
  4. Each variable must specify its data type before using it.
  5. Header files shall be included using #include
  6. Comments within the program must be enclosed between /* and */ symbols.
  7. C language has ample library functions, branching statements and control statements.
  8. C has a sufficient number of compound operators, such as: + =, − =, *= etc.
  9. Programs in C are written in lowercase letters, but Symbolic name and output strings are usually written in uppercase letters.
  10. Programs written in C language can be used from one computer to another very easily, because it is hardware independent.
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